Affirming the Teachings of Jesus

“The teachings of Jesus were a bit of an embarrassment to the [4th century] church and its relationship with power. The creeds which were developed at that time say almost nothing about the real life of Jesus or his teachings. Jesus is a saviour figure rather than one whose life and teachings matter.”

Chris Budden, Why Indigenous Sovereignty Should Matter To Christians (page 62).

As Chris Budden observes in his recent fine book, references to the radical life to which Jesus calls disciples is omitted from the two earliest affirmations of faith—the Apostles Creed and the Nicene Creed. In finding a place within the power structures of the Roman Empire, the church fathers left out this aspect of the faith which they confessed.

They focused on “other worldly” matters. Jesus became something of a super man, swooping down from on high to rescue humans from the mess of life and take them to a heavenly home, rather than a prophetic sage active within the gritty realities of earthly life, confronting injustice and living with compassion and grace.

What would a revised creed look like, if we were to shape one today so that it identified and expressed the essential teachings of Jesus? I have pondered this over the last year or so, and have a few suggestions to make.

If we follow the short, staccato precision of the earliest creed, the Apostles Creed, we could insert something like:

Loving God and loving neighbour,
living in faith and working for justice,
he lived as he taught his followers to live,
praying for the coming of God’s rule here and now.

That’s short and sweet, summing up a lifetime’s teaching in four lines. In my mind, it has the virtue of citing the “two great commandments” that Jesus highlighted, using the key term “justice”, aligning words with deeds, as Jesus exhorted, and focusing on the rule of God, which was the topic for many of the parables and sayings uttered by Jesus.

But this probably fails to do justice to the full range of teachings that are placed on the lips of Jesus in the Gospels (or, at least, in the three Synoptic Gospels).

If we prefer the more expansive developments that unfold in later versions of credal affirmation, we could propose something like:

We rejoice that he came to give sight for the blind,
mobility for the lame, acceptance for the outcast,
and good news for the poor.

We remember that he guided us
to turn the other cheek and walk the extra mile,
to lend to those in need, expecting nothing in return,
to do to other people what we would have them do to us.

As we walk the way of Jesus,
who was put to death on a cross, yet raised back up to life,
we take up our cross, and lay down our lives;
we seek to love God with all of our being
and to love others as our neighbours.

In Jesus, we can see what the reign of God looks like;
in following him, we proclaim that reign in our lives;
we yearn that justice will mark all that we do;
and we celebrate the gift of life in abundance
as we work together for the common good.

Yes, that is much longer; it tries to pick up various phrases from scripture which might resonate with us today. It touches on a number of the teachings and sayings of Jesus which are valued within the church. A more expansive creed like this might provide a more realistic statement and a more effective teaching resource for the church today, perhaps?

It seems to me that one of the most powerful things that the church could do, today, is simply repeat the teachings of Jesus, demonstrate their relevance and applicability for today, live faithfully in accord with those teachings, and seek to be consistent in holding steadfastly to the good news that Jesus proclaimed and lived.

And perhaps, as we do so, we could adopt a version of the creed which holds these teachings to the fore, in our communal worship, and in our reflective thinking about faith and discipleship.

An interesting aspect of this process is that it forces you to make some choices amongst the array of words attributed to Jesus … it forces you to show your hand with regard to your own personal “canon within the canon” or ” red letter verses” in the teaching of Jesus. What is most pressing, and most relevant, for the current time?

You can see what I chose. I wonder what you would choose?


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Author: John T Squires

My name is John Squires. I live in the Australian Capital Territory. I have been an active participant in the Uniting Church in Australia (UCA) since it was formed in 1977, and was ordained as a Minister of the Word in this church in 1980. I have served in rural, regional, and urban congregations and as a Presbytery Resource Minister and Intentional Interim Minister. For two decades I taught Biblical Studies at a theological college and most recently I was Director of Education and Formation and Principal of the Perth Theological Hall. I've studied the scriptures in depth; I hold a number of degrees, including a PhD in early Christian literature. I am committed to providing the best opportunities for education within the church, so that people can hold to an informed faith, which is how the UCA Basis of Union describes it. This blog is one contribution to that ongoing task.

9 thoughts on “Affirming the Teachings of Jesus”

  1. Thank you John. Theories and formulae have been developed over the centuries to somehow ‘fit’ (and therefore distort) Christianity to reflect particular political, economic and cultural situations as they arose, each supporting the status quo. Notably written by those who benefited from keeping it such. Yet it was this very practice that Jesus challenged. I truly believe that for the gospel (good news) to be just that, that it is and must be for everyone, about life today not a promise for some remote and ethereal future and in doing so will challenge attitudes, practices and behaviours that promote anything but the equality of all people, ages, genders and cultures. Without writing anything himself, Jesus demonstrated love for all so strongly that its practices stand the test of time and can do only good when properly followed. Fear is a strong motive for many teachings today, as it was in the 1st century. It can come in many guises pretending to be good as a form of protection from the other, the different. Again the very thing that Jesus challenged at every turn.

  2. We affirm that Jesus came to bring fullness of life.
    That the way to this is by dying to ourselves and living a life of joy.
    Joyfully serving God and others, not concerned only with ourselves but the flourishing of all.

    Doing this we bring more of God’s life to earth.

  3. Thank you, John, I really liked your longer version of the creed.
    Can I just ask you about how you understand the line-
    “Who was put to death on the cross, yet raised back up to life”?

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